“Are you able to paint the image of happiness for me, Abidin?” is a well known phrase for Turks, which was addressed by the “romantic communist” of Turkish poetry Nazım Hikmet to the good painter Abidin Dino. A pioneer in fashionable Turkish artwork, Dino held numerous exhibitions and contributed to the promotion of Turkish artwork by taking his place in abroad museums. A person of many intervals in historical past, Dino was influenced by many artwork actions but he’s primarily identified for his summary compositions.
Abidin Dino, one of the vital prolific intellectuals of Turkish fashionable artwork, represented “variety and flexibility” in a stunning array of creativity, say those that knew and appreciated the artist.
“Portray, drawing, unique prints, sculpture, ceramics, movie, theater, criticism, novels, and tales. We don’t have many artists who work in all these areas,” Turkish journalist Zeynep Avcı advised Anadolu Company.
Avcı, the writer of the 2000 ebook Abidin Dino: From A to Z, hailed Dino as “one of the vital distinctive figures in Turkish artwork historical past.”
Dec. 7 marks 26 years for the reason that passing of the Turkish artist, who left the world in 1993 at age 80, claimed by most cancers.
“His versatility is the main aspect of his originality,” Avcı added.
Born in 1913 in Istanbul to art-loving dad and mom, Dino spent his childhood in Geneva and Paris. He studied in French however obtained no formal coaching within the fantastic arts.
“He was near socialist realism and surrealism,” mentioned Ali Kayaalp, a analysis assistant on artwork historical past at Istanbul’s Mimar Sinan Nice Arts College.
“An essential supply of his inventive tendencies was literature relatively than portray — they had been fed by literature,” Kayaalp added.
He additionally designed ebook covers for distinguished Turkish writers comparable to Yaşar Kemal and Melih Cevdet Anday, and illustrated poems by the legendary Nazım Hikmet.
“He by no means restricted his inventive manufacturing to solely artwork, however all the time topped it with a political battle that he believed in,” mentioned Kayaalp.
His collection of work Patterns of Torture adopted the 1951 arrests of a number of members of the Turkish Communist Occasion, an incident wherein Dino was additionally briefly arrested and launched.
“His political sentiments all the time pushed him to voice the values of human life and labor, and Dino was all the time in a position to take critically the tragedies of humanity in varied a part of the world,” Kayaalp mentioned.
His print collection Ak La Ka Ra — “black and white,” punning on a Turkish idiom that means “onerous put” — visualizes the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear meltdown, a catastrophe which frightened many in northern Turkey, simply throughout the Black Sea from Ukraine, the place the disaster occurred.
“The price of this political battle was heavy,” Kayaalp mentioned. “Dino lived below fixed surveillance and his creations — particularly his writings — had been censored or banned.”
However his compelled exile in central and southeastern Turkey additionally had the unintended advantage of bringing him nearer to the folks of Anatolia, the Turkish heartland, which resulted within the creation of his work Patterns of Anatolia.
In 1966, he even directed a documentary, Objective! The World Cup, now rated 7.4 out of 10 on the Web Film Database (IMDb) and lauded by one person because the “most interesting sports activities documentary ever made … Bury me with this movie.”
“If it wasn’t for Abidin Dino, Turkish artwork would lack the variety and flexibility he represented,” mentioned Kayaalp.
Paris artwork scene
Dino’s contributions to the popularity and visibility of Turkish up to date artwork overseas are plain, Kayaalp added.
“Particularly throughout his Paris years, his friendships with Parisian intellectuals made an essential contribution to the popularity of Turkish artwork,” he added.
Dino had a number of stays in Paris throughout his life, together with 1952, when he was 38, when he was compelled into exile and once more traveled to Europe’s cultural capital.
It was throughout these Paris years that Avcı met with Dino by Ara Güler, a legendary Turkish-Armenian photographer.
Within the second half of the twentieth century, throughout Dino’s years in Paris, the town was alive with lively artwork actions.
Legendary artists of the time comparable to Pablo Picasso and Marc Chagall lived within the metropolis on the similar time Dino did, and actually he ended up working with each.
In a 1979 article in Milliyet Sanat, a Turkish journal, Dino recalled his time working with Picasso and Chagall on the French Riviera.
“I used to be out of cash after I arrived in Paris,” wrote Dino, including that the famed Cubist painter invited him to work at his studio in Vallauris, on the French Mediterranean, subsequent to Cannes.
“And I went there. I used to be working within the ceramics studio, however I wasn’t a ceramics artist. It was a quick sojourn in my artwork life.
“In fact, it was a rare privilege to work with Picasso day by day and with Chagall, three days per week, on the similar desk.”
In the identical article, he advised of a praise Picasso paid him. “It is just you and I who understand how to attract a correct hand sample,” Picasso advised him, mentioned Dino, including that the Spanish artist “preferred my [hand] drawings very a lot.”
Citizen of the world
Dino was a “citizen of the world” wherever he lived — Paris, Rome, Leningrad — and will get alongside nicely with folks from any nation or any creed, in line with Avcı.
Kayaalp agreed together with her, including, “He’s additionally in all places, as a result of Abidin is a citizen of the world, and on the similar time the world is his homeland.”
Now, a quarter-century after his dying, Dino’s works are within the palms of personal collectors, or are displayed in museums around the globe, from Turkey to France, and from the U.S. to Algeria.
“The ultimate stage of his inventive manufacturing occurred in Paris,” mentioned Kayaalp, referring to Dino’s passing in 1993 in Paris.
“However the origins of this manufacturing lie in Anatolia,” he defined.